How to Propagate Zz Plant: A Step-by-Step Guide to Growing Zamioculcas Zamiifolia

Welcome to our step-by-step guide on how to propagate the Zz plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia)! Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned plant enthusiast, propagating the Zz plant is an exciting and rewarding process. In this guide, we will explore three easy methods for propagating this popular houseplant: stem cuttings, ZZ leaf cuttings, and root ball division.

Each propagation method has its own unique steps and requirements, allowing you to choose the method that best suits your preferences and resources. From placing stem cuttings in water or soil to developing roots, to planting individual leaves until they develop roots, to quick root ball division, we will provide detailed instructions for each method.

By following our step-by-step guide, you’ll be able to expand your Zz plant collection and enjoy the beauty of these low-maintenance houseplants. So, let’s dive in and learn how to propagate the Zz plant!

Propagating ZZ Plant with Stem Cuttings

Stem cuttings are a popular and effective method for propagating ZZ plants. This method allows you to create new plants from healthy stems of an existing ZZ plant. There are two options for propagating ZZ plants with stem cuttings: water propagation and soil propagation.

Water Propagation

Water propagation is a simple and straightforward method. Start by selecting a healthy stem from the base of the ZZ plant. Use clean and sharp gardening shears to make a clean cut just below a leaf node. Let the cutting sit in a well-ventilated area for a few days until the cut end forms a callus, which helps prevent rotting.

Once the cutting has calloused, fill a jar or container with clean water. Place the cutting in the water, making sure the cut end is submerged. Position the jar in a well-lit area, but avoid direct sunlight. Change the water every few days to prevent stagnation.

Keep a close eye on the cutting and monitor its progress. After a few weeks, you should see roots starting to develop. Once the roots are about an inch long, carefully transfer the cutting to a pot with well-draining soil. Water the newly potted cutting and continue to care for it as you would with a mature ZZ plant.

Soil Propagation

If you prefer to propagate ZZ plants directly in soil, you can opt for soil propagation. Start by following the same steps of selecting a healthy stem and making a clean cut below a leaf node. Allow the cutting to callus in a well-ventilated area.

After the cutting has calloused, prepare a well-draining pot with moist soil. Make a small hole in the soil using your finger or a pencil. Insert the cutting into the hole, ensuring it is stable and upright. Gently press the soil around the cutting to secure it in place.

Place the potted cutting in a well-lit area, avoiding direct sunlight. Water the soil lightly, ensuring it stays consistently moist but not waterlogged. With proper care and attention, the cutting should develop roots within a few weeks. Continue to provide care for the newly propagated ZZ plant as it grows and matures.

Propagating ZZ Plant with Leaf Cuttings

Another method for propagating ZZ plants is through leaf cuttings. While not as reliable as stem cuttings, leaf cuttings can still be successful in producing new plants. Here are some tips for propagating ZZ plants with leaf cuttings:

  1. Select a healthy stem from the mother plant. Look for a stem with mature leaves and a strong, sturdy structure.
  2. Using clean and sharp pruning shears, cut the leaves close to the petiole (leaf stalk). Make sure to leave a small portion of the petiole attached to the leaf.
  3. Allow the cuttings to callus for a few days. This helps to prevent rotting and promotes the formation of roots.
  4. Once the cuttings have callused, you can choose to propagate them in water or directly in moist soil.

If propagating in water, place the leaf cuttings in a jar or glass filled with water. Make sure that the petiole is submerged but the leaf itself is above the water surface. Place the jar in a bright, indirect light location and change the water regularly to prevent bacterial growth.

If propagating in soil, prepare a well-draining pot with moist soil. Insert the petiole end of the leaf cutting into the soil, making sure it is secure. Place the pot in a warm and humid environment, providing indirect light. Mist the soil lightly to maintain moisture levels.

It is important to note that leaf cuttings may take several months to develop rhizomes and roots. Patience is key during this process. Regularly check the cuttings for any signs of new growth and adjust the care accordingly. Once the leaf cuttings have established roots, you can treat them as individual ZZ plants and continue their care as usual.

ZZ Plant Leaf Cutting

Key Tips for ZZ Plant Leaf Cutting Propagation

  • Choose a healthy stem with mature leaves for leaf cuttings.
  • Allow the cuttings to callus before planting them in water or soil.
  • Provide a warm and humid environment for the cuttings to encourage root development.
  • Monitor the cuttings regularly for signs of new growth and adjust care as needed.

Propagating ZZ Plant through Root Ball Division

Root ball division is a popular and efficient method for propagating ZZ plants. This method involves separating the plant into multiple sections, each with its own root system. Root ball division not only helps you expand your ZZ plant collection but also promotes better plant health and growth. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to propagate ZZ plants through root ball division.

Step 1: Choose a healthy ZZ plant for division

To successfully propagate ZZ plants through root ball division, select a mature and healthy plant with multiple rhizomes. Ensure that the plant is actively growing and has a well-established root system.

Step 2: Prepare the plant for division

Begin by carefully removing the ZZ plant from its current pot. Gently shake off any excess soil and debris from the root ball. This will make it easier to separate the individual sections without causing damage to the roots.

Step 3: Divide the root ball

Once the plant is out of the pot, identify the natural divisions within the root ball. Gently pull apart these divisions, ensuring that each section has a sufficient number of roots attached. Be cautious not to tear or damage the roots during this process.

Step 4: Repot the divisions

After dividing the root ball, repot each section into separate pots. Use well-draining soil and ensure that the pots have drainage holes to prevent waterlogging. Place each division in its own pot and lightly firm the soil around the roots to provide stability.

Finally, give the newly potted divisions a thorough watering to help them settle into their new containers. Place the pots in a location with indirect sunlight and provide regular care, including watering and fertilization, to support their growth.

By following these steps, you can successfully propagate ZZ plants through root ball division. This method offers a quick and efficient way to expand your collection and share the beauty of ZZ plants with others.

ZZ Plant Division

Benefits of Root Ball Division Considerations for Root Ball Division
Allows for rapid propagation of ZZ plants May cause temporary stress to the mother plant
Produces healthy and well-rooted plant divisions Requires careful handling to avoid root damage
Helps rejuvenate older or leggy ZZ plants Best done during the plant’s active growing season
Increases the number of ZZ plants in your collection May require additional space and pots for the new divisions


Propagating ZZ plants can be a fun and rewarding journey for plant enthusiasts. Whether you choose to use stem cuttings, leaf cuttings, or root ball division, each method has its own unique steps and requirements.

Remember to carefully follow the step-by-step guide outlined in this article to ensure the best chances of success. Take your time and be patient as you wait for the cuttings or divisions to develop roots and grow into new ZZ plants.

By experimenting with different propagation methods, you can expand your collection of Zamioculcas zamiifolia and create a stunning indoor jungle. Don’t forget to share your tips and experiences with fellow plant lovers!


Can I propagate ZZ plants from stem cuttings?

Yes, stem cuttings are a popular method for propagating ZZ plants. You can either propagate them in water or soil.

How do I propagate ZZ plants using stem cuttings?

To propagate ZZ plants with stem cuttings, cut a stalk from the base of the plant, let it callus, and then place it in water or soil to develop roots.

Can I propagate ZZ plants from leaf cuttings?

Yes, leaf cuttings can be used to propagate ZZ plants, although they are less reliable than stem cuttings.

How do I propagate ZZ plants using leaf cuttings?

To propagate ZZ plants with leaf cuttings, select a healthy stem, cut the leaves close to the petiole, let them callus, and then place them in water or plant them in moist soil.

Is root ball division a good method for propagating ZZ plants?

Yes, root ball division is the quickest method for propagating ZZ plants.

How do I propagate ZZ plants through root ball division?

To propagate ZZ plants through root ball division, carefully remove the plant from its pot, clear any soil debris, and then gently pull the plant sections apart to create multiple sections with roots.